Patrick Hughes

패트릭 휴즈 (b. 1939)

패트릭 휴즈는 1961년 런던의 Portal Gallery에서 첫 개인전을 열었다. 팝아트라는 명칭이 아직은 없던 시절,  당시에 휴즈의 첫 개인전은 팝 아티스트의 최초 1인 전시였다.  몇 년 후, 그는 Infinity와 Sticking-out Room이라는 두 가지 중요한 역원근(reverse perspective or "reverspective") 작품을 만들었다. 1970년대에 패트릭 휴즈의 이름은 무지개 그림의 대명사가되었으며, 지문과 엽서로도 매우 유명해졌다. 무지개 그림은 대중들에게 장식품으로 인기을 받았으나 작가에게 무지개는 견고한 경험을 나타냈다. 

1980년대 후반에 패트릭 휴즈는 원근법과 역원근법과 공간을 실체화하는 것의 차이를  다시 이용하고 모험했다. 지난 25년 동안 그의 3D Reverspective Paintings (역원근 그림)은 많은 콜렉터들과 대중들에게 사랑을 받았고 전 세계에 전시되었으며 수 많은 콜레션에 등장했다. 패트릭 휴즈의 조각 그림을 실제로 보는 경험은 사실 비현실과 환상 공간과  움직임의 역설을 경험하는 것이다. 

Patrick held his first solo show in 1961 at the Portal Gallery, London. It was the first one-man show by a Pop Artist, though they were not even called that then. A few years later, Hughes made two seminal reverse perspective works, Infinity and Sticking-out Room. In the 1970s Hughes’ name became synonymous with rainbow paintings, which also became very popular as prints and as postcards; people enjoyed them as decoration, but for Hughes the rainbow represented a solid experience.

In the late 1980s Hughes revisited exploiting the difference between perspective and reverspective and solidifying space. For the last 25 years his 3-D reverspective paintings have been hugely in demand, exhibited around the world and featured in many public collections. The experience of seeing a Patrick Hughes sculptured painting in reality is really to experience unreality and the paradox of illusory space and movement.

-text from Patrick Hughes website

Art Work

Patrick Hughes

Popping, 2017

Hand-painted multiple with archival inkjet

45 x 102 x 17 cm

PH 001

Patrick Hughes

Peggy, 2016

Hand-painted & photographic multiple with archival inkjet

44 x 111 x 22 cm

PH 002

Patrick Hughes

Beyeler, 2016

Hand-painted multiple with archival inkjet

45 x 90 x 18 cm

PH 003

Patrick Hughes

Collection, 2018

Hand-painted multiple with archival inkjet

44 x 96 x 13 cm

PH 004

Patrick Hughes

Surreal, 2018

Hand-painted multiple with archival inkjet

46 x 90 x 18.5 cm

PH 005


Solo Exhibitions

2019, 60 Years of Art, Bel Air Fine Art, New Bond Street, London
2019, Upstairs Gallery, Alon Zakaim Fine Art, London
2019, A New Look at Perspective, Alon Zakaim Fine Art, London
2018, The Fourth Dimension, Alex Pairon Gallery, Belgium 

2018, A Newer Perspective, Flowers Gallery, Cork Street, London 

2017, Perspectiviews, Persterer Contemporary Fine Art, Zurich 

2017, Perspective in Perspective, Flowers Gallery, New York 

2016, Reverspectives,The Gallery at Dauntsey’s, West Lavington, Wiltshire 

2016, Perspectivision, Flowers Gallery, Cork Street, London 

2016, Views of Hughes: Selected Multiples, Winsor Gallery, Vancouver 

2016, Forwards to Backwards, Leeds College of Art, Leeds 

2015, Patrick Hughes: Moving Spaces, Osthaus Museum, Germany 

2015, Patrick Hughes: Perspective Anew, Flowers Gallery, New York 

2015, Opperspective, Scott Richards Contemporary Fine Art, San Francisco

2015, Art Paris, Paris Art Fair, Grand Palais, France 

2015, Hughesual Perspective, Galerie Boisserée, Germany 

2015, Hues of Hughes: Selected Works 1999-2014, Winsor Gallery, Canada 

2014, New Reverspectives, Flowers Gallery, Kingsland Road, London 

2014, Reading Paradox, Hanmi Gallery, Seoul 

2014, Gallery 360, Northeastern University, Boston

2014, Studiolospective, Flowers Gallery, New York 

2014, Moving Space, Panorama Mesdag, The Hague 

2014, Reverspectives, Axel Pairon Summer Gallery, Knokke 

2013, Reverspective Paintings, Bel Air Fine Art, Deutsch Museum, Lausanne

2013, Structure of Space, Galerie Boisserée, Cologne 

2013, Superspectivism, Flowers Gallery, Cork Street, London 

2013, Deceptivespective, Scott Richards Contemporary Fine Art, San Francisco 

2012, Smallerspectives, Flowers Gallery, New York

2012, Perspectivariations, Winsor Gallery, Vancouver 

2012, Multispectives, Flowers Gallery, Kingsland Road, London 

2012, Selected Works, Flowers Gallery, Cork Street, London 

2012, Elaine Baker Gallery, Florida 

2012, Kinesthetic, Flowers Gallery, New York 

2012, Studiospective, Reverspective Studio, London 

... see more in CV download

Selected Group Exhibitions

2019, Poppin, BSTM Space, London
2019, British Art Fair, Alon Zakaim, London
2019, Shifting Perspectives, University of Salford, Manchester
2019, Rarity Summer Contemporary, Mykonos
2019, 60 x 40, Shandy Hall, North Yorkshire
2019, FaceValue3, Jealous Gallery, London
2019, Made in Britain, Boisserée, Cologne
2019, Flowers Contemporary II, Flowers Gallery, London
2019, Flowers Contemporary III, Flowers Gallery, New York 

2018, The Summer Exhibition, The Milinery Works, London
2018, Exposition de groupe, Galerie Lelia Mordoch, Paris
2018, FaceValue2, Jealous East, London

2017, What’s in Store?, Salford Museum and Art Gallery, Salford
2017, Eye Catcher: Robert Jacobsen & Op Art - Kinetic - Light, Kulturforum Würth Kolding, Kolding
2017, Original 45’s, 45 Park Lane, London
2017, Small is Beautiful, Flowers Gallery, London
2017, Botanic, The Millinery Works, London

2016, Landscapes Reconstructed, Whyte Museum of the Canadian Rockies, Alberta
2016, Made in Britain, Galerie Boisserée, Cologne
2016, Op Art - Kinetic Art - Light, Kunsthalle Wurst, Germany 

2015, Small is Beautiful, Flowers Gallery, Cork Street, London
2015, Art Miami, Miami
2015, Op Art - Kinetic Art - Light. Art from Josef Albers and Vaserely to Patrick Hughes, Würth Museum, Germany
2015, Visual Deception II: The Future, Nagoya City Art Museum, Nagoya
2015, The Stash Gallery, London
2015, The London Original Print Fair, Royal Academy of the Arts, London

2014, Visual Deception II: Into the Future, Touring exhibition, The Bunkamura Museum of Art, Tokyo; Hyogo
2014, Prefectural Museum of Art, Kobe and Nagoya City Art Museum, Nagoya
2014, The Brain, Universeum, Göteberg
2014, Liverpool Love at Liverpool Contemporary, World Museum Liverpool
2014, The Artist’s Folio, Cartwright Hall, Bradford Museums & Galleries
2014, The London Original Print Fair, Royal Academy of the Arts, London 

2013, The Brain, Vilvite, Bergen
2013, Three Surrealists, Flowers Gallery, Cork Street, London
2013, Ruth Borchard Self-Portrait Competition & Exhibition, Kings Place Gallery, London 

... see more in CV download

Public Collections

Arts Council of Great Britain
Apax Partners Holdings Ltd, UK
Baker Museum Florida, USA
Birmingham Museums and Art Galleries, UK
BlackRock London, UK
Bradford Museums & Art Galleries, UK
Centrica plc, UK
CNA Insurance Chicago, USA
Denver Art Museum, USA
Detroit Institute of Art, USA
Deutsche Bank AG London, UK
Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Frankfurt, Germany
Dudley Art Gallery, UK
Education Academy, The Royal London Hospital, UK
Ferens Art Gallery Hull, UK
Gallery of Modern Art Glasgow, UK
Glasgow Museum and Art Gallery, UK
Goldsmiths Hall London, UK
Goldman Sachs International, USA
Hanjin Shipping Co. Seoul, South Korea
Hereford City Art Gallery, UK
Institute of Philosophy, University of London, School of Advanced Studies, UK
Isle of Man Arts Council Douglas, UK
Jacksonville University Florida, USA
J Walter Thompson London, UK
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
Kunstlicht in de Kunst Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Leeds City Art Gallery, UK
Leeds University, UK
Leicestershire Educational Authority, UK
Lloyds TSB Group plc London, UK
Madison Museum of Contemporary Art Wisconsin, USA
Manchester City Art Gallery, UK
Moorfields Eye Hospital, UK
Museum of Fine Arts Boston, USA
Northeast University Boston, USA
Norwich Castle Museum & Art Gallery, UK
Phillip Morris Collection New York, USA
Procter & Gamble Surrey, UK & Cincinatti, USA
POPA Porrentruy Optical Art, Switzerland
Rexifield CC, Woogin Group Seoul, South Korea
Royal National Institute for the Blind London, UK
Sheffield City Art Gallery, UK
Swire Group, Hong Kong
Stony Brook University, USA
Tate London, UK
The British Academy London, UK
The British Council London, UK
The British Library London, UK
The Contemporary Art Society London, UK
The Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Denmark
The Nasher Museum of Art at Duke University, Durham, USA
Time Out Group London, UK
Victoria & Albert Museum, UK
University College of Wales Aberystwyth, UK
University of Edinburgh, UK
University of Houston Texas, USA
Westdeutsche Landesbank London, UK
Whitworth Art Gallery Manchester, UK
Wolverhampton City Art Gallery, UK
Würth Museum Künzelsau, Germany
ZKM Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie Karlsruhe, Germany


2019, Patrick Hughes Retrospective, FAD Magazine, 29 November
2019, Patrick Hughes, 60 Years of Art, 1883 Magazine, November
2019, The inside out world of Patrick Hughes, The Rake, November
2019, The inside out world of Patrick Hughes, Arts Industry News, November
2019, Surrealisms, 2019, University of Exeter, 30 August
2019, Beneath the surface, The Observer Magazine, 4 August
2019, Hughes’s Reverspectives: Radical Uses of Linear Perspective on Nonplanar Surfaces, Art & Perception, August 

2017, In conversation with art historian Dawn Ades FBA,British Academy online, May
2017, Patrick Hughes,Focus Art Magazine, 15 March
2017, 10 Minutes with Patrick Hughes,Artists & Illustrators, January 

2016, About time you met: Patrick Hughes,About time magazine, December
2016, Patrick Hughes: Do not follow a path, make a path,The Reading Lists, December
2016, Changing Perspectives,The Yorkshire post, 5 November
2016, British Surrealist Patrick Hughes reverses perspective in new exhibition,Creative Boom, 10 August
2016, Patrick Hughes: the Pop Art Pioneer who’s gone viral, The Telegraph, 28 March
2016, Patrick Hughes exhibition at Panorama Mesdag, The Hague Online, 19 March 

2015, Review, Elle Russia, March
2015, Patrick Hughes exhibition at Panorama Mesdag, The Hague Online, 19 March
2015, A Study of the Studiolo, Martin Kemp, British Academy Review, February 

... see more in CV download

Film & Interviews


Interview, London Live Television, December 2016
Reverse Perspective, The One Show, BBC1, May 2016
Laura Cummings, The Strange and Wonderful World of Self-Portraits, BBC4, 2011
Oil on Canvas, Smart TV, 1997

Geometric Form, Open University, BBC2, 1995

CNN,, 2019
London Live,, 2019
Soho Radio, 2019

Video & DVD

Hues of Hughes: A film by Nigel Walk, 2016
Hughesually: The Art of Patrick Hughes, Jake West, 2013
Reverspective, Jake Auerbach & Michael Houldey, 1997

This project undertakes the motto of ‘Think Outside Borders’ ‘Think Outside the Box’ ‘Think into Action’.

워킹하우스뉴욕은 3가지 모토 (국경을 넘어선 사고; 틀을 깨는 사고; 표현하는 사고)를 가지고 프로젝트를 기획한다.

Think Outside Borders

Art narrows the gap between countries. It minimizes language barriers and enables us to communicate qualitatively and share complex emotions. We are committed to using art as an outpost for carrying out critical conversations with the world by placing art in contexts that matter.

예술은 언어를 뛰어 넘는 커뮤니케이션의 수단이다. 상이한 문화와 관습에서도 통합적인 사고를 하게 하며 우리의 복합적인 감정을 공유할 수 있게 한다. 워킹하우스뉴욕은 이러한 예술을 통해 현대사회와 국경을 초월한 의미있는 소통을 추구한다.

Think Outside Boxes

We leverage art as a learning platform by giving diverse audiences of the globe a window to narratives that are either overlooked, little understood in mainstream conversations, or distorted in stereotypes and create commonality. We also intend to design programmatic initiatives and exhibition strategies to support the kind of inclusion championed by our campaigns.

예술은 고정관념의 틀을 깨고 그동안 간과되어 왔던 담론을 이끌어 낼 수 있는 교육 플랫폼을 형성한다. 워킹하우스뉴욕은 전 세계의 다양한 청중에게 예술을 통해 대화의 창을 제공함으로써 사고의 시각을 넓히는 창의적인 교육 프로그램을 만들어 나아가는데에 목표가 있다.

Think into Action

We collaborate with the art world to shed light on the complexity of the human experience and give a platform to which it can be seen and heard by endeavoring this artistic documentation to include in the international cultural network as well as in institutions as loudspeakers. By encouraging creative practices and connecting art to life, we strive to experience art in our life.

예술은 복합적이고 추상적인 개념을 물리적으로 구현해내고 그것을 통해 인간내면을 재조명할 수 있는 기회를 준다. 워킹하우스뉴욕은 적극적인 국제적 교류를 통해 해외문화의 접근성과 이해관계를 좁혀나가고 예술이 우리의 삶에 깊숙히 내재할 수 있도록 기획하고 실현하도록 지지한다.